Ephesus was famed for the Temple of Artemis one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient
World. It was completely rebuilt three times before its final destruction in 401 AD. Only foundations and sculptural fragments remain today. The first sanctuary dates back to the Bronze Age. In the 7th century BC the old temple was destroyed by a flood, the reconstruction began around 550 BC .The project took 10 years to complete. The temple was then destroyed in 356 BC by an act of arson and was once again rebuilt, this time as the Wonder.
An amphitheatre capable of accommodating 25,000 people and the Library of Celsus, are other monumental structural ruins.
The large facade of the Library of Celsus is still standing. The main entrance is both a crypt containing Celsus’s sarcophagus and a sepulchral monument to him. It was unusual to be buried within a library or even within city limits, so this was a special honor for Celsus. A statue of Celsus or of Athena, goddess of truth, stood in the apse and Celsus’ tomb lay directly below in a vaulted chamber. The style of the library, with its ornate, balanced, well-planned facade reflects the Greek influence on Roman architecture.